Importance of the Lymphatic System
The lymphatic system is a core part of your dog's immune system, which acts as an extensive drainage network that defends the body against infections. It is comprised of a network of lymphatic vessels that carry lymph (a clear, watery fluid that contains protein, salts, glucose and other substances) throughout the body. The lymphatic system also serves as a low-pressure drainage system that collects interstitial fluid throughout the body and returns it to the bloodstream.
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Cutaneous Lymphoma in Dogs
While not the most common form of lymphoma (that would be multicentric lymphoma) cutaneous lymphoma in dogs is one of the easiest to identify early on and has shown advancement in treatment options.
When a dog has cutaneous lymphoma they will develop red lumps on the skin, which is where the cancer originates. Symptoms of cutaneous lymphoma include ulcers, nodules, hair loss, itching, scaling and the dog may exhibit oral problems such as nodules or lesions on the lips and gums.
Causes of Lymphoma in Dogs
The causes of lymphoma in dogs are still largely unknown. However, through recent studies it is believed that environmental factors have a huge impact. The studies found that dogs in homes where chemicals such as solvents were heavily used or where 24-D herbicides were used on lawns had a higher instance of getting lymphoma.
Symptoms of Lymphoma in Dogs
The symptoms of lymphoma in dogs will vary depending on the type of lymphoma present. However, the most common sign of lymphoma in dogs is a painless enlargement of the lymph nodes.